V. Kolokotronis, M. Plionis, P. Coles, S. Borgani
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 295, Issue 1, March 1998, Pages 19–32
Publication year: 1998


We investigate the sampling and dipole convergence properties of flux-limited samples of mock X-ray clusters in relation to their underlying ‘parent’ cluster distribution. To this purpose, we resort to numerical simulations of the cluster distribution and extract samples resembling the main observational features of X-ray selected cluster samples. The flux-limited samples, being quite sparse, underestimate the amplitude of the ‘parent’ cluster dipole by ≈ 15 per cent on average for Local Group-like observers. However, the general shapes of their dipole amplitude profiles are in relatively good agreement. We also calculate the expected contribution of clusters, selected according to the relevant criteria, to the soft (i.e. 0.1–2.4 keV) extragalactic X-ray background (XRB), using the ESO Key Project X-ray luminosity function, assuming a flat universe with vanishing cosmological constant. We obtain a value of about 10 per cent of the observed XRB flux.